Taking a step back into research: Play and child development

Sign the number 6

Sign the number 6

Russ, S explains that there are four major processes expressed through play that help develop vital skills for a child. The list below briefly outlines these major processes and the skills that are developed.

Cognitive Processes
– Organization
– Divergent thinking
– Symbolism
– Fantasy/Make-believe

Affective Processes
– Expression of emotion
– Expression of affect themes
– Comfort and enjoyment in the play
– Emotion regulation and modulation of affect
– Cognitive integration of affect

Interpersonal Processes
– Empathy
– Interpersonal schema/Self–other representation
– Communication

Problem Solving/Conflict Resolution Processes
– Approach to problems and conflicts
– Problem solving/conflict resolution

Although all of these processes and skills are important in the developed of a child and will all be considered throughout the design of the product there are a key set which the designed product must encourage in order to achieve the design aims stated in section 2.2 of the report:
– Symbolism – The ability to transform/associate objects and symbols into representations of other objects.
– Comfort and enjoyment in the play – The ability to experience pleasure and joy in the play situation.
– Interpersonal schema/Self–other representationThe level of development of self-other differentiation and capacity for trusting others.
– Communication – The ability to communicate with others, to express ideas and emotions to others.
– Problem solving/conflict resolution – The ability to work things out and resolve problems.

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